Carl Bildt is a former Prime Minister of Sweden and former Foreign Affairs Minister (2006-2014) of Sweden.
Born on 15 July 1949 in Halmstadt, Sweden holds an honorary degree from the University of St. Andrews in Scotland, where he is a Fellow at its Institute for the Study of Terrorism and Political Violence.
During the first period, his government initiated major liberal economic reforms, as well as negotiated and signed a membership agreement with the European Union. The reform period in the early and mid-1990s is generally seen as having paved the way for the successful growth decades that followed.
Subsequently, he served in international functions with the EU and UN, primarily related to the conflicts in the Balkans. He was Co-Chairman of the Dayton peace talks on Bosnia and became the first High Representative in the country. Later, he was appointed Special Envoy of UN Secretary-General Kofi Annan to the region.
Carl Bildt was an early advocate of the new ICT technologies. A 1994 email exchange between him and President Clinton was the first between heads of state/governments. After stepping down as leader of the Moderate Party of Sweden in 1999 and leaving Parliament in 2000 he was also engaged in corporate boards in Sweden and the US as well as different international think-tanks.
Returning as Foreign Affairs Minister of Sweden in 2006, he came to be seen as one of the most prominent and vocal of European foreign ministers during those years. He was one of the initiators of the European Union’s Eastern Partnership and pushed the EU forward also on issues of the Middle East.
Currently, he is Co-Chair of the European Council on Foreign Relations, a contributing columnist to Washington Post as well as a monthly columnist for Project Syndicate. He recently chaired the Global Commission on Internet Governance. He serves as one of the Senior Advisors to the Wallenberg Foundations in Sweden and is on the Board of Trustees of the RAND Corporation in the US.